Hermit crabs. What comes to mind? Are they diurnal or nocturnal? Are there any specific behaviour traits? What are their dietary requirements? How do you house them? What substrate do they require? What temperatures do they require? How do you handle them? Do they hibernate? Are there any species diseases you must be aware of?
If there is one unusual and exotic pet for your home which is easy to care for and easy to maintain when considering diet and hygiene, it is probably the hermit crab. Besides these benefits, these pets are safe for your children to handle and play with. What is more they are playful, inquistive and entertaining. For many exotic pet owners, hermit crabs were probably the best selection of exotic pet they could make.
To ensure your hermit crabs remain healthy you should know more about how to recreate their habitat. Since hermit crabs are nocturnal in their natural habitat, you must prepare to feed them during the evenings when they are at their most active.
As they are endemic to the Caribbean and Florida, you must recreate sub-tropical temperatures in the aquarium tank you will use for their home. Therefore, 70-80 degrees fahrenheit is the recommended temperature and humidity should be 70% as in their native tropical habitat..
Because they are similar to lobsters and shrimps, hermit crabs are classed as being crustaceans. Even though they are related species, hermit crabs manifest many behavioural traits which make them entertaining and amusing.
For instance, hermit crabs have six legs and love to climb all the time. As they are excellent climbers. they often escape from tanks without sealed lids. If they wander about your home, they can easily become damaged. Besides climbing, hermit crabs love to gig and burrow.
So now you know that hermit crabs require abundant substrate. Such as about six inches of sand and gravel and peat and moss beneath abundant tree foliage layers at the bottom of your tank. From this substrate, hermit crabs will emerge at night to feed. During the day, hermit crabs require cover where they sleep. Besides these considerations, hermit crabs can dig and burrow into the sand.
If you create an aquarium playground, it will benefit your hermit crab. Many tubes and toilet roll holders can be used to create tunnels for your hermit crab to explore. Upturned metal boxes and trays can have holes cut into them for somewhere for your hermit crab to explore. In fact you can create underwater theme parks with climbing frames and ladders and igloos for your pet hermit crab.
At regular intervals you will have to leave large shells loose around the tank. Throughout the life cycle of your pet hermit crab, ever larger shells shall be required. For hermit crabs shed their shells and molt.
Almost every year, there is some point during the year when they shed their skins and start to molt. With this period lasting for up to one month, they must be fed more than the usual amount as they burrow and hide in the substrate to prevent any harm and injury. While they are growing their new skin, they will remain dormant while hidden in the substrate.
By ensuring there are bowls of salt water in your tank placed there for convenience, you are ensuring that your hermit crabs do not dehydrate. Always remember that hermit crabs receive nutrition from salt water.
While on the subject of diet, supply plentiful amounts of green leaf vegetables with pieces of corn and carrots besides segments of fruit such as mango, orange, apple, pineapple, banana, papaya, lime, coconut. Tinned mackerel and tuna and sardine flakes will be readily consumed as in the wild hermit crabs scavenge fish carcasses.
On no account should you ever place plastic plants into your tank because hermit crabs will attempt to consume them. Only moisture loving plants which thrive in high temperatures and humidity should ever be placed in these tanks.
One of the endearing behavioural traits of hermit crabs is that they like to climb all over their owners shirts. Some of you may be surprised by this but it’s nevertheless true. In the phase where hermit crabs emerge from their shells, they bond with their owners. Such is their grace, that you should open out the palms of your hands and let them walk across you.
Once you distinguish the difference between male and female hermit crabs, you can start to breed them. By nature, hermit crabs are not solitary. Most colonies of hermit crabs number one hundred plus in the wild. With such family orientated species, ensure that you have at least three males and six females in your tank. Male hermit crabs are larger and have brighter shells while females are much paler.
Between micro-bacteria, fungi and parasites there are many threats to the health of your hermit crab. Mite parasites can infest your hermit crabs leading to many fatalities amid your hermit crab colony. Whenever temperatures exceed 100 degrees or are below 60 degrees then micro-bacteria can spread throughout your tank.
At all times, your aquarium tank must be regulated or aerated. Any algae accumulation leads to stagnant and acidic water deprived of oxygen. Unless your aquarium tank is carefully filtrated, there is serious risk of acidity levels increasing beyond PH level 7. Since high PH levels can kill your hermit crabs you must carefully regulate temperature and humidity at all times.
Interestingly, hermit crabs have average life expectancies of thirty years which can be extended far beyond this with good nutrition. Even more surprisingly, one hermit crab specimen was known to have lived for up to eighty years.
Where you benefit most from following these guidelines is by having a healthy hermit crab able to provide you with hours of endless amusement and fun. Maybe you want to learn about expert nutrition for hermit crabs. Perhaps you want to breed them. Should you wish to,click on the link below. Only here can you find niche expert advice.
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